Additional information about One Planet

 

Additional information about One Planet
To make the issues addressed in One Planet seem personal and relevant, displays constantly focus on a situation here in the Netherlands and then compare it with conditions elsewhere in the world. The result is a series of surprising worldwide comparisons. Visitors come away from the exhibition knowing that that they too have a valuable part to play in ensuring a sustainable future. The exhibition is structured as a presentation spread over 17 different exhibits, each relating to one of the Sustainable Development Goals. It also presents innovations, current live issues, and unusual and interesting items from the collection of the Museon.

1. No poverty
In many countries, poverty is related to poor access to energy. In the regions with the most poverty, Sub-Saharan Africa and South-East Asia, there is great potential for solar energy but it is still largely unexploited. Using solar energy in these regions could produce economic growth and personal development that would help to reduce poverty there.

What can you do?
Use UV light to discover scenes showing the power of solar energy. Find out how solar energy lamps work and see the various types. You can also watch short extracts of films on solar energy and poverty.

2. Zero hunger
If we stick to our current diet, the growth of the world population can be expected to produce a major shortage of protein-rich food. A solution must be found. In the Netherlands, we think it’s odd to eat insects, but in many other countries it’s quite usual. It’s a way of getting enough protein. Why and when would it be better to insects rather than meat, fish or eggs? What do they taste like?

What can you do?
Are you the chef of the future? Prepare virtual international dishes using different sources of protein, including locusts and seaweed.   

3. Good health
Worldwide, an average of one in three adults is overweight. Obesity is a threat to public health and not just in the Western world. In many poor countries, malnourishment and obesity exist side by side. An unhealthy diet, too much snacking and too little exercise are the main causes; an increased risk of serious disease and shorter life expectancy are the consequences. Would you modify your lifestyle?

What can you do?
Get on the stepper and find out how we’ve changed our diet and reduced everyday exercise in the modern world. Prehistoric hunter-gatherers expended a lot of physical energy just finding food. Thanks to modern technology, we now work more with our heads than with our hands. And we’re constantly surrounded by tempting things to eat. It’s better for our health not to eat too much. So it’s important to get enough movement and take physical exercise.

4. Quality education
Worldwide, many children still get little or no education. Schools are too far away or too expensive. But going to school reduces the risk of poverty later in life. So education for all is the fourth sustainable development goal. Schools ought to be available to everyone. But what and how you learn is also very important. If you are taught in a language you can’t understand, you’re not likely to learn much. But learning doesn’t only happen at school. People also learn a lot outside the classroom. For example, by observing nature or listening to stories. Even playing (some) computer games can teach you a lot.

What can you do?
Play a computer game and see how modern technology can communicate traditional knowledge. Never Alone is a prizewinning computer game produced in partnership with the Iñupiat (the native people of Alaska). The Iñupiat realized that their age-old culture and knowledge was under threat from globalization and other developments. In Never Alone, computer game developers have worked with Iñupiat elders to translate that culture into a visually attractive learning game for people there and here.  

5. Gender equality
Another of the sustainable development goals is to ensure equality of opportunity for children of both sexes. This can’t always be taken for granted. For example, for many girls the normal pattern is to leave school early to marry and have children. With no qualifications, they have far fewer opportunities than boys. Fortunately, more girls are now completing their education now than used to in the past.

What can you do?
Discover how different the opportunities are for the two sexes in various parts of the world. Your guides are a Dutch girl called Lotte (17) and her brother Vince (14), who come from Utrecht. Their father, Frans Hofmeester, has filmed them once a week ever since they were born, always in exactly the same way. He has edited the material to produce striking time-lapse sequences that condense their development into just a few minutes. The sequence can be stopped at any point to meet a child of the same age elsewhere in the world. How different are their lives from those of the two Dutch children? Are the two sexes ‘there’ treated the same way or differently? By meeting children/adolescents from all around the world, you discover inspiring people and projects aiming to make major improvements in the often disadvantaged position of girls.

6. Clean water and sanitation
Clean drinking water is essential to human life. The water we consume can include all sorts of undesirable things. Visible pollution like refuse, but also invisible contaminants like pesticides, sewage and medication. In the Netherlands we are lucky: clean water is always on tap. But in many other parts of the world, that’s not the case. Drinking water needs to be specially purified. That can be done in huge water purification plants, but also with simple sand filters.

What can you do?
Play the game and clean up the river. Will the river get more and more polluted or will you press the right buttons to reverse the trend? Many different things can contaminate the water and make it undrinkable. From large pieces of refuse to almost invisible microplastic and pesticides. The water can be purified using sand, bacteria, activated carbon and UV radiation. Everyone needs clean drinking water.   

7. Affordable and clean energy
Fossil fuels are running out. A multitude of people are busy inventing new kinds of sustainable energy and investing in new methods of generating it. The traditional examples are wind and solar power, geothermal energy and water power (via tidal energy of hydro-electric plants). But there are lots of other attractive alternatives, as this exhibit tries to show.

What can you do?
Press the button to launch the hydrogen-powered rocket. Let yourself go, dance yourself dizzy and generate power in the process, as special floor tiles convert your kinetic energy into electricity. Do the quiz and discover the wide range of alternatives! Who knows, maybe then you too will come up with a new way to power the world…

8. Work and economic growth
The materials we need to make our mobile phones are often in scarce supply. They come from all over the world, even from conflict zones. And the people producing the phones often do so in poor working conditions. By finding out these things and being selective about what we buy, we can help to improve things.

What can you do?
Look at the inside of a phone. Discover what materials are needed to make the various parts of mobile phones and what they look like in mineral form. Put on a headset and listen to the how those minerals are obtained.

9. Innovation and infrastructure
It’s a long time since we grew all our own food. In the increasingly globalized world of today, many areas specialize in the production of single products. Food is transported all over the world. The development of shipping containers has been an important factor in this development. The transport network is still expanding. Can food transport be made more efficient and sustainable? Yes: for example, by taking action to save energy and prevent losses through transhipment, storage or decay.  

What can you do?
Play a multimedia game about exports. It begins with a presentation about the way upscaling and specialization in the food production industry results in more worldwide transportation of food. Then you are invited to explore the extent of Dutch food exports by touching different foodstuffs on display. You’ll be amazed at surprising facts about foodstuffs and astonished by the export flows of basic foodstuffs going from the Netherlands around the world.

10. Reduced inequalities
There are many different reasons why people find themselves disadvantaged and excluded. For example, because they live in a developing country. Or because they are ‘different’ and in some way non-standard. Reducing the inequalities within and between countries is a major aim of the United Nations. Equality doesn’t mean that everyone has to be the same. It means that people should respect and value each others’ differences, and that everyone should have an equal chance to make something of his or her life. Is everyone equal in your eyes?

What can you do?
This exhibit challenges you to think about human diversity and discrimination. You’ll discover that we are all members of the same species. There are variations in skin colour, but absolutely no hard and fast distinction between black and white. Everyone has an individual skin tone and you can discover it via the ‘Humanae’ photo project.
Humanae is a project devised and run by Brazilian woman photographer Angélica Dass. Her aim is to photograph as many different complexions as possible and produce a series of portraits in which the background colour exactly matches the skin tone of the subject. Dass uses the worldwide PANTONE system to identify the exact shade. Humanae is a work in progress. To date, Dass has assembled over 2500 photographs, taken in 15 different cities, including Chicago, São Paulo and Addis Ababa. She says the only limit to the project is when the entire world population is part of the colossal mosaic. She’s collaborating with the Museon on her first major project in the Netherlands. The result will be an eye-catching cube covered with 100 portraits, half featuring Hague residents and the other half people from the rest of the world.

11. Sustainable cities and communities
The world has fewer and fewer populations who still live genuinely close to and in harmony with the natural world. As a result of technology and globalization, the number of such nomadic or semi-nomadic peoples in getting ever smaller. In addition, urban areas are steadily expanding. Many forest, desert and mountain-dwellers are abandoning their roots and moving to the cities. Jungle is becoming urban jungle. In twenty years’ time, the world will have 2 billion more city-dwellers. And many of the cities are really gigantic. Megacities are places with populations of more than 10 million. A megacity has a lot to offer, but there are also many problems: many residents live a long way from the centre, spend hours a day in traffic jams and breathe in a lot of smog. Some of the large- and small-scale solutions to these problems are devised by megacity residents themselves.  

What can you do?
On one side of the exhibit, you can discover life in five different megacities around the world: New York, São Paulo, Lagos, Moscow and Jakarta. Five megacities on five different continents. By scanning the right cube to go with each cityscape, you activate the city concerned and get a brief audio-visual taste of life on the Moscow Metro, a market in Lagos, a São Paulo slum, etc. Then you can find out more about the city on the basis of various themes (e.g. water, waste, transport, or heritage). The current situation is described using data, photographic images, and solutions.
On the other side of the exhibit, you find out about the nomadic past and (sometimes highly contrasting) present-day lives of five different traditionally nomadic populations in five different continents: the Sami (Europe), Amazonian Indians (South America), Cree Indians (North America), San (Bushmen, Africa) and the Golok (Asia). The presentation of each population is accompanied by a historical object from the collection of the Museon and supported by high quality recent photographs.

12. Responsible consumption of resources
Unfortunately, most fishing grounds are now either totally fished out or over-fished. Fishermen often catch more than necessary, or use fishing techniques that damage the ecosystem, or catch fish that are too young. As a result, fish stocks get depleted. Sustainable fishing means using different techniques to leave the ecosystem intact, avoid bycatches and limit catch size. That way, the seas can remain an important source of food for future generations.

What can you do?
Hook a fish and read the information on the screen about the species and the way it was caught. Is it OK to eat it? If it’s over-fished, rare or inedible, it should go back into the sea. Can you make the right choice?  
Almost three billion people depend on fish as a major source of food and more fish is being caught all the time. By fishing sustainably we can ensure that future generations will also be able to eat fish. Special fishing techniques, designated fishing grounds and fish quotas help to preserve species and therefore ecosystems.

13. Climate action
We burn gas, oil and coal to obtain energy, but doing so creates CO2 emissions and climate change. People around the world, from schoolchildren to world leaders, are helping to think up solutions to this problem. It is important that everyone is aware of the issue, because the more people stand up for the environment, the more pressure there will be on politicians and businessmen to come up with solutions. Many different animals are suffering because of global warming. This exhibit is about them.

What can you do?
Pick an animal that is suffering because of climate change, make a banner and take a photo of yourself with the animal. Share your photo and tell the world that you think action on climate change is important! It doesn’t matter if you choose a penguin, a horse, a panda or a seal: thousands of the world’s animal species are suffering because of climate change. If you care about the future of the planet, you can encourage other people to do the same thing. Together, we can do something about it.

14. Life below water
Coral reefs are among the most diverse ecosystems on earth. A quarter of all sea creatures live on or around reefs. But three-quarters of the world’s coral reefs are now endangered, mainly through human activities like over-fishing and pollution. Climate change is also affecting the health of reefs. To preserve coral reefs for the future, local communities need to be involved in protecting them. Research is also being done on the use of farmed coral to restore coral reefs.

What can you do?
Coral reefs are under threat but you can do something about it. This exhibits invites you to save the coral reef at four levels, each more difficult than the last. Go to the starting position and move your hand over the start button. Plants and animals live on or around coral reefs but people also dependent on them for their livelihoods and to protect coastlines. The four big threats are: over-fishing, pollution from rivers, coral bleaching and acidification of the water. These problems are all caused by man, but fortunately there are ways to solve them.

15. Life on land
Aridification and desertification are increasing due to both natural and human causes, including climate change and population pressures. Areas can no longer meet the needs of their populations. Famine and poverty result. There are various solutions, but regreening – planting new trees and protecting young trees – is a highly successful one. Belts of trees act as windbreaks, helping to stop soil blowing away and keeping it moist for longer. Trees also provide food for people and animals.  

What can you do?
Turn the wheel so that the breeze from the fan blows the sand away. In arid areas, many trees get cut down because of the growing human population. As a result, there’s nothing to stop the wind and it blows the dry sand around. Sand dunes shift and the sand drifts onto cultivated fields, so that nothing can grow any more. If the soil is very dry, it’s no use planting anything anyway, because the sand and seeds will just get blown away.
Do you know how many people suffer every day because of acidification? Whether there is water in the desert? And whether deserts can be turned green again by planting trees? Find out in this quiz. Desertification is a complex problem because it has many different causes. Fortunately, there are also plenty of solutions!

16. Peace and justice
Refugees have existed since time immemorial. Not everybody has a safe and secure place to live. It’s always been that way. Some places are so unsafe that people decide to abandon house and home and look for a better life elsewhere. There are many different reasons to become a refugee, including war, poverty, discrimination and climate change.

What can you do?
This display uses items from the collection as a key part of the exhibit, not just an illustration. It presents you with challenging questions like: Are you a hero? Do you always stand up for your beliefs? Do you feel at home? You answer the questions and find out what each of them has to do with the refugee problem. Because each question relates to a specific object and story. From a railway sleeper from the notorious Burma Railway (Second World War) to the 16-year-old boy who – instead of making a faster sea crossing – walked with his dog all the way from Syria to Europe. The main point of the stories is the resilience, strength and creativity of the people concerned.

17. Partnerships for sustainable development
How can we achieve sustainable developments aimed at guaranteeing health, acceptance and a secure and sustainable planet for us all? Creating partnerships at an international or more local level and helping each other is essential. The UN finds solutions, especially in the fields of technology, trade, politics, expertise, data and monitoring. That is a lot to accomplish. But, in addition, it also has to deal with obstacles to achieving such goals within the designated period.   
How would you like to help? Do you have ideals? What obstacles can you expect? What are your strengths and what could you contribute, now or in the future?

What can you do?
There are two teams in this table football game: the first is a team of players working together to achieve a UN development goal; to do that, they have to get the ball into the net. The second team, their opponents, defend the many major obstacles that prevent them from scoring.